Myopia Management

Myopia is the most common eye condition worldwide and is the leading cause of visual impairment in children. It is predicted by 2050, half of the global population will be affected by myopia.

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What is Myopia?

Myopia (also called short-sightedness or near-sightedness) is a condition that causes people to have problems seeing clearly in the distance. Myopia is due to the eyeball being longer than normal or the cornea being too curved, causing the imaged to be focused in front of the retina rather than on the retina. Distance vision is then blurred, but near vision is usually clear (but not always perfect).

What causes Myopia?

Family History

The likelihood of children developing myopia is 1 in 3 when one parent is myopic and 1 in 2 when both parents are myopic.



Prolonged time reading and doing near visual tasks including using digital devices and computers.



Insufficient time spent outdoors and reduced exposure to natural light.


Visual efficiency

Children who have problems with focusing (accommodation) and eye aiming (convergence) are more at risk of developing myopia and experiencing progression of myopia.

Why the bullseye clinic

We believe in taking a proactive approach to childhood myopia

Often conventional glasses or contact lenses are used to correct short-sightedness in children and teenagers, however, this usually results in the rate of myopia increasing over time.

We believe in taking a proactive approach to childhood myopia, providing education and practical solutions to help prevent the onset of myopia, while also offering treatment options for those who are already short-sighted to slow down myopia progression.

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What’s wrong with being short-sighted?


The short-sightedness keeps increasing to moderate or high levels

Sometimes myopia stops changing at a low level, but unfortunately for many children and teenagers, the short-sightedness keeps increasing to moderate or high levels, especially if there is a family history of high degrees of myopia and a child spends significant time reading or using computers and digital devices.

Children who develop short-sightedness before they reach high school are much more likely to increase to high levels of myopia.


Increased myopia means an increase in prescription strength

For many, this is often a concern due to thicker and heavier glasses lenses and a higher dependence on glasses or contact lenses. However, having myopia is much more than just the inconvenience of having to wear glasses or contact lenses to see.


Developing myopia means an increased risk of developing other complications

Even more importantly, developing myopia means an increased risk of developing other complications such as myopic macular degeneration, glaucoma, cataracts and retinal detachment. Even a low level of myopia increases the risk of these eye conditions, but the higher the myopia level, the more significant the risks become.

1 Multifocal spectacles or contact lenses

Multifocal spectacles or contact lenses

In the early stages of myopia development, it is possible to use blended focus or multifocal spectacle lenses to provide clear and comfortable vision for both distance and near vision. The reading power is designed to reduce their eyes’ focusing demands when doing concentrated near tasks such as study and digital device use, and help to relax their eyes’ focusing muscles.

Like multifocal glasses, multifocal soft contact lenses also offer clear vision at various focal distances. Research has shown wearing multifocal spectacles or soft contact lenses limits the progression of myopia compared to conventional single vision glasses or contact lenses.

2 Myopia control spectacles or contact lenses

Myopia control spectacles or contact lenses

Spectacles lenses and soft contact lenses specifically developed for myopia control.

MiSight 1 Day: Soft, daily disposable contact lens that provides clear vision, with a special optical design to help slow the speed of myopia progression. A 3 year clinical trial of the MiSight lens worn by 144 children aged 8-12 years showed effectiveness in slowing myopia progression by up to 59%.

Hoya MiyoSmart: Spectacle lenses developed by Hoya and the Hong Kong Polytechnic University featuring innovative D.I.M.S. technology. A non-invasive and easy to adapt option, with clinical trials showing a reduction of progression by an average of 60%.

Eye strain/fatigue

3 Orthokeratology (Ortho-K)

Orthokeratology (Ortho-K)

Orthokeratology involves wearing special contact lenses while sleeping to gradually and gently reshape the surface of the eye, resulting in clear distance vision throughout the day without the need for glasses or contact lenses.

The effect of wearing Ortho-K lenses remains as long as the lenses continue to be worn overnight, but the therapy is completely reversible. There have been several studies demonstrating Ortho-K to be effective in reducing the rate of myopia progression by around 50%.


4 Atropine Eye Drops

Atropine Eye Drops

Atropine is a medication that comes in the form of eye drops. Research has shown excellent results in reducing myopia, but the recommendations around which child is suitable and the concentrations and dosages of drops changes as research progresses.

Eye Drops

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